The Paris Agreement is a historic global agreement on climate change, aiming to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. This agreement was signed in 2015 by 196 countries and has since been ratified by 189 countries.

The Paris Agreement temperature targets were set to address the growing concern of global warming and its impacts on our planet, including rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and the loss of biodiversity. The goal is to limit the increase in global temperature to a level that will prevent catastrophic consequences for both the environment and human populations.

The 2 degrees Celsius target in the Paris Agreement is based on scientific evidence that indicates that a temperature increase beyond this level will significantly increase the risks of climate impacts. In fact, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has warned that a global temperature increase of 2 degrees Celsius could lead to extreme weather conditions, rising sea levels, and irreversible impacts on ecosystems. On the other hand, the 1.5 degrees Celsius target is an ambitious goal, but necessary to limit the damage to the environment.

To achieve these temperature targets, countries must work together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are responsible for global warming. The Paris Agreement requires each country to set and report on their own greenhouse gas reduction targets, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These targets are evaluated every five years to assess collective progress towards the temperature targets.

The Paris Agreement temperature targets have been criticized for being too ambitious and unrealistic, given the current global political climate and the lack of legal enforcement mechanisms. However, it is important to remember that these targets are based on scientific evidence and are necessary to prevent the most severe impacts of climate change. It is up to each country to take action and work towards achieving these targets to ensure a sustainable future for our planet.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement temperature targets are a critical step towards mitigating the impacts of climate change. Although they may seem lofty, they are based on scientific evidence and are necessary to protect our environment and future generations. It is imperative that each country takes action to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and work towards achieving these temperature targets to create a sustainable future for all.

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